Seventy times Seven  

                                                                    Daniel 9:24-27

    The bible, despite all sorts of nefarious attempts to mangle and mistranslate has by the grace of  Heaven still managed to get faithfully revealed to each incoming generation no matter what.  Scripture has been right all along, despite individuals throughout time having twisted words and injected agendas, knowing that their willful and profitable errors would go largely undetected. Yet the Lord, makes certain that knowledge of such errors is made public. Following is a brief essay addressing several un-biblical errors that have been fed to millions of evangelicals for well over a hundred years.

     These errors, really agendas, such as pushing the lie that the endtime antichrist will offer world inhabitants a

"seven year covenant" enjoy widespread attention and will continue to play a pivotal role in endtime deception.

  

                                          background  followed by scriptural evidence

     

     The prophet Daniel, now an old man retired from his duties in the Babylonian government, was living to see the day when the citizens of the southern kingdom (of Judah) would soon return to Jerusalem and rebuild. Daniel was reading a prophecy from his predecessor the prophet Jeremiah re: the seventy years of Babylonian captivity that  would  end within four years. Daniel asked the Lord to help him make sense of what  future lay in store for the Judeans. He was then  given  a new  prophecy =>

          Dan 9:24   ”Seventy weeks are determined upon your people and upon the holy city, to finish

           the transgression,  and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and

           to bring  in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint

           the most Holy.”

      These were goals leading up to the coming Messiah's  first advent  - to be completed within 490 years:

1-   “Finish” the transgression, i.e. withhold, forbid it, shut up, held back from Strong's # 3607 OT

2-    Atone for sin thereby ending the automatic spiritual condemnation for those who repent

3-   Reconcile people to God because of the sin that separated us from Him

4-    Bring in the way of righteousness - everlasting - beyond our dimension where He's prepared a place for us

5-    Establish the anointed Messiah's authority - recall He said that His kingdom was not of this world (dimension)

6-   Seal up the vision and prophecies that would commence at the time appointed

 

     Weeks in v. 24  is understood as “sevened” or seven in the Hebrew concordance - that is each

"week" is prophetically symbolic of seven years.  This passage having been translated by scholars as representing 490 years total from the time that the decree went out for the wall of Jerusalem to begin construction.  

     Under Cyrus the Great  a decree had gone out to allow the Judeans to return and rebuild,

but the monies and wall construction didn't materialize until  ARtaxerxes had the prophet Nehemiah begin wall construction in  * ~457 b.c. (the time from which the clock started the 490 years).

           Dan 9:25 “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to

         restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore

         and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troubled times.”

 

      Verse 25 is divided up into  62  "weeks"  of 434 years, Plus =>  another  7 “weeks” (49 years).

 

     These two figures in verse 25 add up to 483 years, i.e. 69 of  the 70 weeks.  The first 49 years (7 weeks) refers to the start of the wall  repair surrounding  Jerusalem after Nehemiah returned to Judea  (Neh chapter 2). This 49 years included rebuilding the city proper and its streets as the wall alone was quickly constructed.  Note that the second temple had long before been consecrated (~516 b.c.). This Jerusalem rebuild was followed by another 434 years to total 483 years

  

     This would leave only one prophetic  week of  7 years to fulfill once Messiah arrived.  At the end of that prophetic week the entire 490 years would be completed as prophesied. V. 26 introduces the final week when Messiah shows up:

     

 

 

 

     Dan 9:26  “And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the

           people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof

           shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.”

   Timeline:

=>  49 years of  7 prophetic weeks followed Jerusalem's wall rebuild

=>  62 prophetic weeks totalling 483 years later and halfway through the final prophetic "week" 

       of 7 years, Messiah would be cut-off (Strong's OT #3772, karath).

 

     This phrase cut-off can mean  to form a covenant (which He did); however,  since the phrase  but not for himself”  follows the phrase "cut-off"  this verifies what the Lord told His disciples many times - that He would be killed. Obviously then, the Messiah's mission was for Him to arrive in the flesh and offer Himself as the ultimate sacrifice (Isaiah 53, Psalms 22). This same verse prophesied also that the people of the prince” (Titus and his Romans) would destroy Jerusalem. It would take another 40 years to achieve the final blow to Jerusalem in 70 a.d.

                  Where playing "church" led to a verse getting twisted  180 degrees

 Dan 9:27 comes into play. This is the verse that launched an entire doctrine

begun  by *Darby  in the 1830's - quickly adopted by later dispensationalists and rapturists. Darby and company decided that the man in v. 27  is antichrist and that the "week"  referred to there would be held off for nearly two millennia and fulfilled in a  "seven year covenant" offered by the endtime antichrist. But he (and they) were wrong.

 

           After reading the verse, consider the following:

 

1)   v.27  foretold that Messiah would cause the daily temple sacrifices to cease - not to be  "taken away"

2)  The man in v.27 confirming a covenant is not the endtime antichrist or any antichrist.

3)  The one week confirmed by the Messiah's covenant is the final week of  Daniel's  prophecy where

      one week is equated to seven years. Except that it was completed by Christ Jesus - not delayed to be

      completed as part of  some endtime scenario. Those goals listed above from v.24?  He did bring in  

      everlasting righteousness - His kingdom and reign is spiritual - not here on earth. When He does return, 

      earth's present physical dimension will be replaced with His dimension, kingdom and a new

      Jerusalem. Recall all the massive destruction as detailed from Revelation contrasted with the peace and

      order of the millennial age to come. No flesh is meant for a millennium where Christ rules.

      Also, Paul's words reflect a spiritual dimension:

 

          "In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump...we shall be changed...For the

      perishable must be clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality.…"  1Cor 15:51-53.

 

4)  The destruction of Jerusalem in 70 a.d. occurred ~40 years after the 490 years prophecy was

    complete. There is nothing in v.27 to suggest that Jerusalem's end was the culmination of 490 years

    - only that it  follows the end of the last prophetic week in which time the Messiah completed His

    covenant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5)  The word  "for" in the phrase "for one weekwas inserted by English translaters; it does  not

      exist in the manuscripts. Check the interlinear text in Hebrew.  The word according to context

      and fit might be  * "in"  as in one week  - given that those words are followed by -"in the midst of" 

      (that same week).

      Dan 9:27   “And He shall confirm the covenant with many *in* one week: and in the midst of the week

      He  shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for (because of) the overspreading of

      abominations He shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be

       poured upon the desolate.”  

 

                  note: Hebrew law required a morning & evening animal sacrifice  (sin offering)

                  on the temple altar in  Jerusalem; the sacrifice and oblation aka "the daily  sacrifice"

     Three reasons we know that  v.27 refers to Christ and not to antichrist:

     #1              "Cease" is unrelated to the phrase  "taken away"

 

     This word cease in Hebrew is Strong's OT # 7673 Shabat meaning to repose, i.e. desist from exertion;

( figurative or specific): KJV - cease, sit still, loss of time. Same word used for Sabbath. This Shabat or sabbath is

an entirely different word apart from Dan 8, and Dan 12 where antichrists of all sorts have “taken away” the daily sacrifice.  Sabbath i.e. rest is used as a function of the Messiah causing the old animal sacrifices to cease - such a phrase was never found in association with any antichrist. 

     #2       Three and one-half years into Christ's ministry, He was killed...

                                          as described in v.27...

    ... "In the midst of the week."  This was the first half of that prophetic "week" of seven years. His death and

resurrection curtailed the remaining “week” to a mere 1/2 days.   And as if to emphasize His point, He indeed was killed on preparation day midway through the week (when the lambs are slaughtered) just before Passover. He then completed the week by being in "the belly of the earth"  for 3 1/2 days only to rise just before sunrise of the new week. The term Three and one-half is prophetically significant all throughout the bible but especially in the gospels and in Revelation. Recall in Rev 11:3-12, the Two Witnesses will prophesize one thousand two-hundred and three score days (3 1/2 years), are then killed and resurrect in 3 1/2 days...akin to the Lord's timeframe and mission.

 

     "HE” the Lord that is, confirmed the covenant with many (us) . His covenant was sealed & completed as prophesied after fulfilling two essential tasks:

                       a) Offered a sacrifice (Himself) to fufill the Law  (mid-week)

                       b) Resurrection; proving His authority to transform to all who trust in Him (end of week)

 

   #3    verse 27  in context and using grammatical rules refers to verse 26

​    

     “He” confirms the covenant with many  *in* one week. He in this verse is the Christ (Messiah) - not the

prince of the Romans - since this verse parallels v.26 and continues with the antecedant, i.e. the Messiah is

the subject in v.26. and of v.27. The “people of the prince” was the secondary actor in the verse. Further, the

prince  didn't have either the primary or secondary role there. The people  held the secondary role. Jerusalem

became desolate because of Titus' soldiers streaming over Jerusalem's walls until its end was determined by

YHVH, our Lord.

                    

                            In contrast  - these are the antichrist passages =>

 

     That word for “taken away”   in Dan 12:11  is Strong's OT #5494  cuwr  (soor); turned off, i.e. deteriorated: 

          degenerate, (think carefully on degenerate) :

 

  - Dan 12:11 “And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination

           that makes desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.”

 

  - Dan 8:11 the word for “taken away” is Strong's OT #7311 ruwm to bring up, exalt (self), extol, give, haughty,

          heave (up), (be, lift up on, make on, set up on, too), take (away, off, up), breed worms. This  “taken away” is

          defined as heaved up and thrown down because verses 11, 12 and 13 speak of the altar being destroyed,

          the daily sacrifice and the sanctuary as trodden down and the truth stomped on:

 

  - Dan 8:11 “Yea, he (antichrist) magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the

           daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.”

                                       The crux of all this "taken away" documentation:

      Ask yourself - how can antichrist cause the  daily sacrifice to become something quite different or to become degenerate if  Christ's sacrifice  has already laid to rest these daily animal sacrifices?  We know at the time of the Maccabean revolt in ~167 to 160 b.c. the "old testament " antichrist, Antiochus IV Epiphanes   had pigs slaughtered on the altar to defile the temple, (abomination that desolates) but what of the FINAL antichrist?  Here's an idea:

 

     If  Christians along with Jews and other faiths participate in performing animal sacrifices on an altar - perhaps in a synagogue or a church or even a mosque - is THAT not  a slap in the face of Christ's own sacrifice and therefore the very perversion and abomination that desolates? 

                        Where it all went wrong in the  1830's

     As to the Dan 9:24-27 passages, it's now clear that John Nelson Darby, other dispensationalists beyond him and the whole of evangelical Christianity did a 180 twist on these verses to support their bogus

“7 year antichrist covenant with the world” doctrine. Is there a 7 year period in Revelation? No there is not. Verse 27 was twisted to make it look like it's an “antichrist verse” when in fact it speaks of our Lord's sacrifice laying to rest (shabat) all other sacrifices.  The verse was changed in deference to the Jewish rejection of Jesus of Nazareth (Darby was a zionist). By twisting v. 27 Darby and company robbed Christians of seeing an absolute timeline that only Jesus of Nazareth could have fulfilled AND, Darby robbed the Jews of seeing an inconvenient truth which would have led some to actually embrace the true Christ. Once again, religion has superceded Elohim YHVH (God) just as the Lord said it would when He lamented that "traditions of men have made the Word of God of no effect..." Mark 7:13 

    *  http://www.666man.net/457BC_WhyCorrect.html

         (Why the date 457 b.c. is correct as the start of the 490 years prophesized in Daniel).

    *   http://www.christianmediaresearch.com/content/birds-babylon-part-iii-dear-mr-darby 

          (Brief, scholarly essay on the genesis of Darby's dispensationalist theology which includes rapture)

         http://70thweekofdaniel.com

   

  

     If Christ was crucified in ~30 a.d. then wouldn't it be fitting that a 40 year probationary period  precede Jerusalem's destruction?  You've read in scripture of "forty year" periods (or forty days for that matter), then this

this punishment put to Jerusalem after the Lord's  completion of the covenant and ascension makes sense.

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